This is a facsimile of the 1885 book "Tunneling Under the Hudson
River: Being a Description of the Obstacles Encountered, the Experience
Gained, the Success Achieved, and the Plans Finally Adopted for Rapid
and Economical Prosecution of the Work" by S. D. V. Burr, written in
1885 and originally published by John Wiley and Sons that same year.
should note that as a document over 110 years old, as well as being a
technical document, the grammar and phraseology will appear unusual and
stilted to modern readers. Yet educated people actually did write (and
talk) like that in those days.
Typography conventions of the
time have semicolons set off from the preceding word by a space. I have
maintained that convention for this web presentation. Also, this book
uses a large number of "em dashes" (longer-than-usual hyphens) which
the Lynx browser unfortunately does not render (it shows –
This book had illustrations ("plates") bound in.
Rather than including them in the text of this web presentation, they
are clickable wherever they are referenced in the text, as well as in
the List of Illustrations near the beginning of the document. Note:
Large images such as these have been known to crash older versions of
web browsers (particularly the 16-bit Windows 3.x Netscape browsers).
have preserved the page breaks of the original document, even when they
were in the middle of sentences. While this may appear awkward when you
first view the text, it allows discussion such as "the next to last
sentence of page 20" to mean the same thing to both viewers of this web
presentation as well as to people reading the original book (or